PGT- Post Graduate Teacher

Minimum Qualification required– Post Graduation in subject concerned and B Ed degree from UGC recognised University.

Teaching level– Teaches at senior secondary level i.e. 11th and 12th

This means, if you are a post-graduate (eg., M.A.), and have done your B.Ed or M.Ed then you can become a post graduate teacher. PGT teaches students under class 12 (including class 12).

NET (National Eligibility Test) is a national level examination given by students who are post graduates (MSc, MA etc.,). Once cleared, then they are eligible to be a lecturer (Bed not mandatory). PhD can be done later by students who feel they should do further research in a particular field of teaching. 

PGT teacher can teach these subjects : English, Hindi, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Maths, Computer Science, Accountancy, Business Studies and Economics, etc.

PGT Pay Scale as per state and grade pay (GP) –  Roughly ranges from Rs. 35000-45000 based on state and Grade Pay (GP).


TGT- Trained Graduate Teacher

Minimum Qualification required– Graduation in subject concerned and B Ed degree from UGC recognised University.

Teaching level- Teaches at secondary level i.e. 6th to 10th

This means, you are a graduate, who is trained in teaching. If you clear you B.Ed, then you already are a TGT.  ( TGT is not a course, but a title given to teachers who have completed their graduation and training in teaching.).

TGT teacher can teach these subjects : English, Hindi, Math’s, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, History, Economics Geography, Hindi, Bengali, Sanskrit, etc.

TGT Pay Scale as per state and grade pay (GP) – Roughly ranges from Rs. 28000-42000. based on state and grade pay (GP).


PRT- Primary Teacher

Minimum Qualification required– Diploma in Elementary Education

Teaching level- Teaches at primary level i.e. 1st to 5th

This means  a PRT teacher is eligible to teach till class 5th. Person who is 12th pass with JBT, D.el.ed etc can become a PRT. A graduate with b.ed can apply for the post too in private schools.

Subjects: English, Hindi, Math’s, Science, EVS, Hindi, Bengali, Art, Music, Physical Education, etc.

PRT Pay Scale as per state and grade pay (GP) : from  Rs. 22000-35000.


contact the author at


Written by 

Shailendra is the co-founder of Kraftplus Edutech Pvt. Ltd. He has had extensive experience in the education segment. He is currently driving the Education Staffing and Recruitment initiative in Kraftplus Edutech.

14 thoughts on “What does PGT, TGT and PRT (teachers) mean?

  1. आजकल बी एड टीचर को जो 15 साल से पढ़ा रह स्कूलो में जबर्दस्ती 6 मंथ का ब्रिज कोर्स की अनिवार्यता क्यों की गयी है। 2001 सितंबर तक छूट है पर 2002 अप्रैल तक वालो से अबतक को करना है। अगर सरकार इसे अनिवार्य मानती है तो फ्री करवाये
    पर इतनी महंगी फीस लेकर क्यों

  2. Sir/madam
    My name is John babu from Andhra Pradesh I finished my 12th pass with 2 years diploma in special education…..can I Elegibility for (PRT PRIMARY TEACHER) Job.


  4. I am msc in computer science, so bed is compulsory for me or not and I am eligible for teaching
    Prabha shriwas

  5. Sir i have done 12 the class with 2 year diploma in elementary education like jbt(deled)and clear ctet exam can i eligible for PRT teacher

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *